PALEO GROUP PUBLICATIONS


ARCHAELOGICAL AND HISTORICAL EVIDENCE FOR SIGNIFICANT CATASTROPHES WITHIN THE HOLOCENE PERIOD: ABSTRACT BG01-D3-PM2-P-007

AUTHORS:Hugh Miller, Joe Taylor, Bill White, Hugh Owen, Robert Bennett, Marie Claire Van Oosterwych-Gastouche, Maciej Giertych, Jean DePontcharra, Otis Kline.

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ABSTRACTS OF PUBLISHED MATERIAL SINCE 2009.

(1) RECENT C-14 DATING OF FOSSILS INCLUDING DINOSAUR BONE COLLAGEN. .

Are the results a confirmation of rapid formation of the geologic column as modern sedimentology studies have predicted? [1].

AUTHORS: Josef Holzshuh, Jean de Pontcharra, Hugh Miller.

ABSTRACT The discovery of collagen in a Tyrannosaurus-Rex dinosaur femur bone was recently reported in the journal Science. Its geologic location was the Hell Creek Formation in the State of Montana, United States of America. When it was learned in 2005 that Triceratops and Hadrosaur femur bones in excellent condition were discovered by the Glendive (MT) Dinosaur & Fossil Museum, Hugh Miller asked and received permission to saw them in half and collect samples for C-14 testing of any bone collagen that might be extracted. Indeed both bones contained collagen and conventional dates of 30,890 ± 380 radiocarbon years (RC) for the Triceratops and 23,170 ±170 RC years for the Hadrosaur were obtained using the Accelerated Mass Spectrometer (AMS)..

Total bulk organic carbon (boc) and/or dinosaur bone bio-apatite (bio) was then extracted and pretreated to remove potential contaminants and concordant radiocarbon dates were obtained, all of which were similar to radiocarbon dates for megafauna.

[1] REFERENCE: The above abstract is from our first paper that was published in Italy in Italian by the National Research Council of Italy, a government agency in November of 2009. It was part of a one day conference held at the Groups Hq in Rome. The same paper was published in English after a three day conference held at the Gustav Siewerth Akademie, Germany http://www.siewerth-akademie.de/cms/ to view the paper go to view paper

ABSTRACT OF PAPER PUBLISHED IN ITALY AND GERMANY- IN THESE TWO BOOKS

1. . Evoluzionismo: Il tramonto di una ipotesi. Holzschuh, J., J. Pontcharra, H. Miller. 2009. Datazioni recenti al C-14 di fossili includenti collagene proveniente da ossa diEditor, Roberto de Mattei, Edizioni, Cantagalli s.r.l. Siena, nell’ottobre, p. 125-155, 2009.

2.  Evolution and the Sciences: A Critical Examination.(English) Gerhard Hess Verlag, 88427 Bad Schussenried, Germany, 2012, p. 295-321. http://www.sciencevsevolution.org/Holzschuh.htm Recent C-14 dating of fossils including dinosaur bone collagen. Are the results a confirmation of rapid formation of the geologic column as modern sedimentology studies have predicted?  Also Brandenstein-Zeppelin and Stockhausen 2012..


SOFT TISSUE, COLLAGEN AND SIGNIFICANT 14C CONTENT IN DINOSAUR BONES-WHAT DOES IT MEAN ABSTRACT BG01-D3-PM2-P-006

AUTHORS:Hugh Miller, Joe Taylor, Bill White, Hugh Owen, Robert Bennett, Marie Claire Van Oosterwych-Gastouche, Maciej Giertych, Jean DePontcharra, Otis Kline.

We examine the implications of several experiments that isolated constituent components of fossil material. The experiments involved;

1) removing carbonates from dinosaur bones using weak organic acids, revealing soft tissue, osteocytes, and fibrous collagen [Schweitzer et al., 2005; Armitage and Anderson, 2014];

2) removing calcium carbonate from calcareous fossil wood embedded in rock within a coal seam, yielding wood that is both flexible and burnable [Dawson, 1846];

3) Carbon-14 testing collagen and bioapatite in dinosaur bone samples with Accelerator Mass Spectrometry and conventional beta counting, employing procedures that minimize the contribution of instrument and allochthonous contamination, yielding pmC levels in the range of 0.61 to 5.6 (22,020 ± 50 to 41,010 ± 220 years BP) [Miller et al., 2014].

' These values are notably higher than pmC results for coal [Baumgardner et al., 2003]. The validity of Carbon-14 levels in dinosaur bones is reinforced by δ13C values for various bone fractions. Ostrom et al. [1993] reported significant δ15N content in well-preserved bones of 42 cretaceous species including dinosaurs from Alberta, Canada. Buhay et al. [2012] reported similar δ15N content in ancient human bones in Cuba with collagen in a ≈ 1:1 ratio. This suggests that cretaceous bones in Canada may contain a magnitude higher collagen content than dinosaur bones in the USA, due to the Last Glacial maximum

While other experiments have shown that preservation of polymers in bone may be enhanced by the presence of blood iron [Schweitzer et al., 2013], the evidence above points to ages for dinosaur fossils that starkly diverge from what is expected. This opens new avenues for research in several disciplines. The compression of the time frame that these results imply also raises the specter that asteroid and comet impacts and above-ground explosions present a greater risk to mankind and Earth's environment than is currently assummed.

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REFERENCES:

1. Schweitzer, M.H. J.L. Wittmeyer, J.R. Homener, and J.K. Toporski 2005. Soft tissue and cellular preservation in Tyrannosaurus Rex Science 307: 1952-1955.

2. Armitage M.H., and K.L.Anderson (2014) Light and electron microscopic study of bone osteocytes from a Triceratops Horridus supraorbital horn,
    microscopy and mircroanalysis 20(53) pg 1274-1275

3. Dawson, J. William, 1846. Notices of some Fossils in the Coal Formation of Nova Scotia, Quarterly Journal of Geological Society of London, V. 2

4. Ostram, P.H., S.A.Macko, M.H. Engel and D.A. Russell (1993) Assessment of trophic structure of Cretacious communities based on stable nitrogen isotope analysis. Geology 21(6) Pg. 491-494

5. Baumgardner J.R., D.R Humphrey, A.A. Snelling, S.A. Austin 2003 The Enigma of Ubiquity of c14 in organic samples older than 100ka AGU fall meeting abrstract V32C-1045

6. Buhay W.M., Y.Chique Dearmas, R. Rodriguez Suarez, C. Airedodo, D.G.Smith, S.D. Armstrong and M.Roksandre (2013) A preliminary carbon and nitrogen isotopic investigation of bone
     collagen from skelatal remains recovered from a pre columbian burial site Matanza Province Cube.
Applied Geochemistry 32 Pg 76-84


POSTER SESSION FROM AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION MEETING OF DECEMBER 2014

The attached picture shows those attending this meeting in San Francisco.



ATTENDEES WERE:

Hugh Miller, consulting chemist and coordinator of the International Paleochronology group of Columbus Ohio.(Datethefossilsnottherocks@gmail.com)
Joe Taylor, field paleontologist and director of the Mt. Blanco Fossil Museum, Crosbyton Texas. (mtblanco1@aol.com)
Kevin Miller, fossil hunter.(Datethefossilsnottherocks@gmail.com)
Hugh Owen, director of the Kolbe Center for the Study of Creation , Mt Jackson Virginia.(director@kolbecenter.org)

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